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What is a Hematoma and What Causes it?

Posted in Brain Injury on April 4, 2022

A hematoma, at its simplest definition, is a traumatic injury to the skin or the tissues underneath the skin that causes the blood vessels to leak blood into the surrounding areas and cause a bruise. Hematomas form as blood clots, and they result in pain and swelling in most situations. Here, we want to further define hematomas, how they occur, and whether or not need injuries should be considered severe.

What is a Hematoma?

The hematoma, what some people often refer to as a bruise, is the result of a traumatic injury two our skin or the tissues underneath the skin. Anytime something strikes us, this can cause the blood vessels underneath the skin to become damaged and leak blood into the surrounding areas. Hematomas form as blood clots, and this can result in swelling and pain in the affected area.

What Causes Hematomas?

Hematomas occur in a wide variety of ways. Anytime a person’s body is struck by an object, or if a person runs into an object, there is a risk that a hematoma could develop in the area that was struck. As a personal injury law firm, our team regularly helps individuals who have sustained hematomas in a variety of different traumatic incidents. This includes, but is not limited to, the following:

  • Sports injuries
  • Medical mistakes
  • Car accidents
  • Commercial truck accidents
  • Bicycle and pedestrian accidents
  • Motorcycle accidents
  • Swimming pool incidents
  • Slip and fall accidents
  • Defective product incidents

Types of Hematomas?

Hematomas can occur anywhere in our body. Some of the most common types of hematomas include the following:

  • Subungual hematoma. This type of hematoma is relatively common and forms underneath the nails of the body. This can include the toenails or the fingernails and can occur in accidents such as striking a finger with a hammer.
  • Ear hematoma. This type of hematoma appears between the cartilage of the ear and the top of it, and it is not uncommon to see this occur in boxers, wrestlers, and other athletes.
  • Scalp hematoma. A scalp hematoma will typically appear as a bump on the top of the head and is related to damage to the external skin and muscles right underneath.
  • Septal hematoma. This usually occurs after a person breaks their nose. This can cause a significant issue with the nasal area if it is not properly treated.
  • Subcutaneous hematoma. This type of hematoma appears right underneath the skin and will typically affect the shallow veins closest to the surface.
  • Subdural hematoma. A subdural hematoma is incredibly dangerous and occurs between the brain tissue and the internal lining of our brain.

These are not the only types of hematomas that can occur, and we strongly encourage you to seek medical care if you have sustained any type of hematoma on your body.

Contact a Personal Injury Lawyer

If you or somebody you care about has sustained a hematoma or any other type of injury caused by the negligent actions of another individual or entity, reach out to an attorney as soon as possible. You may be entitled to compensation for your injuries and other losses, but securing this compensation can be challenging. An Atlanta personal injury lawyer will investigate your claim, gather the evidence needed to prove liability, and handle all negotiations with other parties on your behalf.